Monday, May 9, 2016

Multi-Sector Rapid Assessment: Drought Impact on Humanitarian Situation in Fafan Zone – Somali Region, Ethiopia

                                    Interaction with Community of Fafan Zone - Somali Region, Ethiopia

   Drought, worsened by El Nino effects, is having a devastating impact in Fafan Zone.  Approximately 110,331 (out of total 1,187,022) population are affected and facing water shortage.
   FIRST priorities for humanitarian intervention to save lives and reduce morbidity in Fafan Zone are urgently needed on: 1) WASH; 2) Food and Livelihoods; 3) Health and Nutrition.
   Harshin, Kabribayah, Awbare and Babile Woredas are most vulnerable and worst affected by drought.

·   A multi-sector rapid assessment team deployed to Awbare, Gursum, Babile, Kabribayah, Harshin, and Jijiga Woredas on 29 December 2015 – 5 January 2016 to capture humanitarian situation, needs and priorities following the report of the Regional Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureau for Somali Region (RDPPB) on drought emergency in Fafan Zone.
·   Drought has severely impacted 110,331 population living in 58 communities / sub kabeles across six woredas, particularly experiencing limited access to water. Population is mostly relying on ponds and birka as water source for household and livestock daily consumption.
·   Crop failure has led to situation of food security, as well as seed (for upcoming plantation season) and feed (for livestock animal) security.  Tuliguleed is identified with the biggest food gap amongst other woredas. Some pastoralist community are transmigrating to neighboring areas in search of water and pasture. Movement of people with their livestock also causes more burden on women and children as they are fetching and driving animals to pasture and water points.
·   No disease outbreak is reported. However, diarrhea (to under-five children), pneumonia, UTI, URTI are the top five diseases being reported. The deterioriting food security situation has resulted in the widespread of malnutrition to under-five children and adult (pregnant/lactating women) across the woredas.
·   The transmigration of some pastoralist communities – in search of water and pasture -- has carried along students, leaving the schools empty, which was then closed. 10 schools are closed down, 190 others are partially functioning. Approximately 1,479 students have dropped out from schools. Around 10,158 students are affected by the drought.
·   FIRST priorities for urgent humanitarian intervention is to save lives and reduce morbidity related to drought through humanitarian program on :1) WASH; 2) Food and Livelihoods; 3) Health and Nutrition.

Improve access to food, water and pasture
Improve access to water and pasture
Impove access to water
Improve access to food and pasture
Impove access to food, water and pasture
Improve access to water, food and pasture
Improve access to water, pasture and emergency health and nutrition supplies
Improve access to food and pasture; seed for next season is also a huge concern 


Priorities between Priorities

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

·   Urgent rehabilitation/maintenance of water sources and boreholes (Short term)
·   Urgent provision of water treatment chemicals
·   Extremely lifesaving emergency water interventions (water trucking), as last resort
·   Construction of more permanent water sources than Birka and Ponds which are so temporary and unprotected and rain-dependent (long term)
Livelihoods and Food Security
·      Emergency animal feed, Relief food, emergency veterinary drugs and Rehabilitation of the damaged Boreholes
Health and Nutrition:
·   Create accessible emergency response fund or to allocate fund for preparedness activities.
·   Prepare emergency drugs and supplies enough for 1 months for each woreda.
·   Provide Diarrheal Disease Kits for Fafan zone woredas.
·   Establish at least in one inpatient facility/SC set up in each woreda in order to provide care to patient with complicated severe acute malnutrition.
·   Provide water purification/chemicals to woredas health facilities timely.
·   Provide anti-malarial drugs and nutrition supplies for five districts (Except Tuliguled and Jijiga)
·   Provide emergency drugs in all visited woredas        
·   Regular nutrition supplies to be distributed to woredas to sustain the nutrition service at facility level especially in priority 1 woredas(7 districts in Fafan zone,
·   Supplementary feeding program for children is urgently required for Awbare District
·   Deployment of Mobile Health and Nutrition teams to Jijiga and Gursum woredas
·   Urgent Initiation of EOS screening in All Hotspot priority districts in the zone (Jijiga, Tulli, Gursum, Babili, Harshen, Kebribeyah and Awbarre)

SECONDARY priorities to protect and restore livelihoods Priorities Between Priorities
Livelihoods and Food Security
·   Provide of seeds and farm, tools for the coming planting season and rehabilitation of ponds
·   Provide commercial and slaughter destocking in the worst case scenario 
·   Train WASH committee
Health and Nutrition
·   Establish and train emergency woreda rapid response teams
·   Build capacity on malaria, meningitis, AWD and measles outbreak control and severe acute malnutrition.
   Introduce Networking Cards to help the transmigrating students continue with their learning
   School Feeding Program. No dropout reported from schools with feeding program.
   Community mobilization. Outreach to families and students to return to school. 
   Improve access to food and water as the main drivers of students’ dropouts 
   Supply of educational in emergencies kits and teaching and learning materials including school tents.

Saturday, December 21, 2013

Bruce Tropical Cyclone Affected Extreme Weather and Flooding in East Java

Bengawan Solo River overflowed and inundated at least 11,188 houses across 115 villages within 15 sub districts of Bojonegoro District,  East Java, on 21 December. The floods claimed three casualties and caused temporary displacement to around 1,675 persons in 10 displacement centres. Additonally, the floods also caused medium damages in 1,630 houses and light damages in 1,006 houses. Approximately 67 schools were inundated: 26 kindergarten schools,  34 elementary schools, 5 junior high schools,  and two senior high schools. Bojonegoro is forecasted to experience raining with medium intensity on 22 December. 
Local BPBD already set up public kitchens as they distributed food items to the displaced families. According to 2010 statistics,  Bojonegoro District is home for 335,278 families or 1,209,973 persons with 598,365 men and 611,608 women.

East Java, together with southern part of Central Kalimantan,  Maluku and Papua has been forecasted to experience extreme weather with heavy raining, thunderstorm and whirlwind for 20-22 December, following the emerging tropical cyclone Bruce at approximately 2,540 km southwest Kerinci that moves to the south away from Indonesia region with maximum speed at 110 knots or 205 km/hour. The cyclone was also predicted to cause high tide with 2-3 meters high in the sea water of Sabang, Simeulue, Nias, Mentawai,  Enggano, Bengkulu,  Lampung,  Sunda, Banten, Central Java, West Sumatra and southern part of Java. Rainfall intensity (even more during extreme weather),  sea water surface (high tide) and water flow and absorption capacity of the land are three controlling factors that would trigger flooding. 

Sources: BNPB,  BMKG 
-Nova Ratnanto

Friday, November 22, 2013

Floods and Landslides in North Gorontalo

Heavy rain caused floods and landslides in Gorontalo on 22 November 2013 evening. The floods affected 11 villages across three sub districts in North Gorontalo District.

In Gentuma Raya Sub District, the floods affected at least 1,471 persons in Ipilo Village,  761 persons in Molongota Village, and 450 persons in Coklat Village.  

In Tomiloto Sub District,  the floods affected 503 persons in Leyad Village,  1,002 persons in Bubode Village,  692 persons in Milayo Village,  and 1,001 persons in Jembatan Merah Village.

In Kewandang Sub District, the floods affected 1,637 persons in Pentolo Village,  1,419 persons in Motilongo Village, and at least 2,239 persons in Titidu Village.

The heavy rain caused riverwater to overflow houses along the riverbanks.  District BPBD already work together with local police, military,  and community to clean up the debris as the floods subsided.

Source : BNPB,  North Gorontalo BPBD

-Nova Ratnanto

Wednesday, November 20, 2013